Wielenga Medical Group
Robert J. Wielenga, M.D.
Geriatric Physician & Family Practice Physician located in Downey, CA
If you’re currently a smoker, or you used to be one, and you’ve been experiencing a cough that just won’t go away, you may have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Dr. Robert Wielenga has vast experience working with patients and improving the symptoms of COPD. At Wielenga Medical in Downey, California, he uses lifestyle changes and medication to reduce your symptoms and slow COPD progression. To learn more, call the office to schedule your initial consultation.
COPD Q & A
What is COPD?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition that makes it hard to breathe. Progressive in nature, the symptoms of COPD get worse over time. When you have COPD, you may experience a range of pulmonary symptoms, including:
- Chronic coughing
- Increased mucus production
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
People with COPD have emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or, in most cases, both. Emphysema destroys the walls between your air sacs, causing them to lose their form. This reduces the lung’s ability for gas exchange and leads to reduced oxygen levels throughout your body.
With chronic bronchitis, your airway lining becomes inflamed and irritated. This can cause the lining to swell and produce a thick mucus, making breathing difficult.
What causes COPD?
While COPD can be caused by a variety of things, the most common culprit is smoking cigarettes, which accounts for nearly 75% of the people who develop the condition.
The second most common cause of COPD is long-term exposure to lung irritants, including:
- Air pollution
- Chemical fumes
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, a rare genetic condition, is also responsible for some cases of COPD.
In healthy lungs, the airways and air sacs are stretchy. Like a balloon, these sacs fill with air when you breath in, and deflate when you exhale. Yet when you have COPD, less air goes in and out of these sacs for a number of reasons, including:
- Air sacs become less elastic
- Walls between sacs are destroyed
- Airway walls become thick and inflamed
- Excess mucus clogs the airways
Can COPD be treated?
COPD is a chronic condition and can’t be cured, but Dr. Wielenga can help manage your symptoms and slow the disease’s progression. He may prescribe certain medications to make breathing easier, including:
- Short-acting bronchodilators
- Long-acting bronchodilators
- Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibitors
Dr. Wielenga also counsels you on what you can do at home to improve your COPD and reduce your symptoms, such as:
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding triggers
- Increasing activity levels
If you’re suffering from a chronic cough or tightness in your chest, don’t wait until your symptoms get worse. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Wielenga to determine whether you have or are at risk for developing COPD. Call to schedule an appointment today.
*Individual results may vary